WHAT IS GUM DISEASE?
Gum disease called PERIODONTITIS is a bacterial infection affecting the gums and the bones surrounding the teeth. With time (years), a deterioration of the bone and the gingiva is the result. Painless and silent, untreated, gums disease can lead to bad breath and the lost of teeth.
WHERE IS THE GUMS DISEASE COMING FROM?
It is caused by food buildup of plaque and tartar between the teeth and gum. These elements contribute to bacterial growth in the region leading to a response of the body : inflammation. The inflammation then destroys bacteria, but also the surrounding tissue, leaving a gap between the gum and tooth called "periodontal pocket ". At the periodontal pocket, the bacteria multiply, inflammation destroys ... and it's a vicious cycle of destruction.
The most important factors in the progression of periodontitis are: heredity, smoking, stress, diabetes and other systemic diseases .
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF GUM DISEASE?
The usual symptoms are bleeding gums, persistent bad breath, irritation to hot and cold foods, red gums, swollen gums and a possibility of receding gums. In more advanced stages, you might experience tooth mobility.
HOW DO WE TREAT GUM DISEASE?
First, a detailed screening of the gums is needed to target problem areas. Then a deep cleaning (scaling and root planing) are required to remove all debris and scared tissues. This will aloow the gums to heal naturally. Manual and ultrasonic instruments, antibacterial solution and laser treatment are all part of the gum disease treatment. In more severe cases , an antibiotic may be necessary. In the battle against periodontitis , the sooner the treatments take place , the better the chances of recovery.
WHY A LASER TREATMENT IN THE GUM DISEASE?
Laser therapy provides: biostimulation, faster healing, removal of infected and scared tissues, less discomfort following treatment, reduction of the inflammation and disinfection pockets. In short, it increase the speed and efficiency of the healing process.
IS THE TREATMENT PAINFUL?
In most cases, patients are treated without anesthesia except for complex cases. Normally patients experience some sensitivity, but nothing unbearable. If you prefer local anesthesia, ask your attending dentist .
DO PERIODONTITIS HEALS COMPLETELY ?
Periodontitis is a chronic infection. The aimed goal is to keep the disease under control and stable than a total cure. Therefore, the importance of regular monitoring. In simple case, if treated at the beginning, complete remission is possible. If the patient is smoking, often the gum disease could be stabilized but not cured.
WHAT ABOUT SMOKING AND GUM DISEASE?
There is compelling evidence to the fact that smoking is the main extrinsic factor for gum disease. Not only reduces the amount of saliva stain teeth and overload language, it makes them more susceptible to periodontal disease the gums. The severity of periodontitis is directly proportional to the amount of cigarettes smoked daily.
ARE THE GUM TREATMENTS INSURED?
Gum treatment is part of basic care, therefore your insurance plan covers normally . However , insurance companies limit the frequency with which you can benefit from scaling, it may be that you have to pay for the appointment of laser and monitoring. A due diligence on your first visit will help clarify the situation.
WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES IF I DON'T TREAT MY GUM DISEASE?
Left untreated, the infection increases and will impact on the rest of the body. More than bad breath and losing teeth, there are correlation between periodontitis and the following diseases: cardio- respiratory diseases, premature labor, osteoporosis, arteriosclerosis, and complications of diabetes. It's a matter of general health!