Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the gums, caused by food accumulation and dental calculus in-between the teeth. These elements contribute to bacterial growth and cause a bodily response: inflammation. Inflammation destroys bacterias but also the surrounding tissues, leaving a void between the gum and the teeth called ''periodontal pocket''.

In theory, the body recovers after an inflammation episode. However, since hygiene habits remain unchanged, the bacterias multiply, inflammation progresses, and a vicious cycle ensues.

In two words, gum disease is the degradation of the bone and of the gum surrounding the teeth. This infection is silent and often painless, but eats the supporting tissues, ultimately causing the loss of the teeth. Moreover, this treatment is rarely limited to one single tooth, but rather to multiple teeth and in some case, to all of them as they all received the same attention (or lack thereof).

This condition must be screened as soon as possible for two reasons: gum disease is painless and therefore gives the impression that all is well, maximizing the damage. Damages to the bone are often irreversible.

Gum disease is an infection that begins in the mouth. However, if the infection progresses, there are repercussions to the rest of the body. Indeed, research increasingly demonstrates the correlation between gum disease and: cardio-respiratory disease, premature birth, osteoporosis, arteriosclerosis and complications in the case of diabetes. 

Usual symptoms of gum disease include gum bleeding, persistent bad breath, sensitivity to hot and cold foods and liquids, red and swollen gums. In more advanced phases, we may notice teeth mobility.

Losing a tooth without decay is possible!